Strategic Planning : What Are the 3 Steps of Strategic Planning?

Organizational management activity, strategic planning, is used to set priorities, focus energy and resources, strengthen operations, ensure that employees and other stakeholders are working toward common goals, establish agreement around intended outcomes/results and assess and adjust the organization’s direction in response to a changing environment What an organisation is, who it serves, what it does, and why it does it are all shaped and guided by the decisions and actions that emerge from this focused endeavour. For an organisation to be successful, it must be able to communicate both where it is headed and how it intends to get there.

In What Ways Does a Strategic Plan Serve Its Purpose?

An organization’s goals, strategies for achieving those goals, and any other relevant information gleaned from the planning process are communicated through a strategic plan. In what ways does strategic management differ from other types of management? What does it mean to “execute” a strategy?

strategic planning

Organizations utilise strategic management as a complete collection of ongoing activities and processes to ensure that all of their resources and actions are aligned with their purpose, vision and strategy. To keep up with changing needs and circumstances, strategic management actions transform the plan into a system that offers strategic performance feedback for decision making and allows the plan to grow and adapt. In the context of strategy management, strategy execution is essentially the same thing as strategy implementation.

A Step-by-step Guide to Strategic Management and Planning

Strategic planning and management can be accomplished using a plethora of concepts and approaches. When it comes to choosing a framework, there are no absolutes yet most follow a similar pattern and have similar characteristics. Many frameworks recursively loop through a few simple phrases:  strategy formulation, where a high-level strategy is formed and a basic organization-level strategic plan is documented. Strategic planning is broken down into three distinct phases:  high-level strategy implementation;  operational strategy implementation; and evaluation or sustainment/management phase when the high-level plan is converted into more operational planning and action items.

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Planning for the Long-term Future

Upper-level management must devote considerable time and effort to the strategic planning process. Many choices are considered by executives before deciding on a course of action and then deciding how best to implement it. Management hopes to come to an agreement on a strategy that is both cost-effective and has a high probability of success while minimising unnecessary financial risk when it comes to a company’s long-term strategy.

Strategic Planning Is Often Considered a Three-step Process That Includes the Following Essential Elements:

Formulation of a Strategy

In order to come up with a plan, a corporation must first conduct an internal and external audit. Identifying the organization’s strengths and shortcomings as well as its opportunities and dangers is the goal of this exercise (SWOT Analysis). Analysis helps managers decide which projects or markets they should pursue, how much of the company’s resources should be invested in them, and whether to take steps such as expanding operations through a joint venture or merger.

strategic planning

The long-term performance of a corporation is directly related to its business strategy. In most cases, only the most senior executives are allowed to allocate the required resources for their implementation.

Implementation of a Strategy

There are particular targets or goals that must be met before any plan can be put into action, as well as a budget allocated for the strategy’s implementation. The effectiveness of the implementation stage is typically influenced by how well senior management communicates the chosen strategy throughout the organisation and gets all of its employees to “buy-in” to the desire to put the strategy into practice.

Developing a solid framework for implementing the strategy, maximising the utilisation of essential resources, and redirecting marketing activities in accordance with the strategy’s goals and objectives are all necessary components of effective plan implementation.

Implementation Analysis

It is well known that success now does not ensure success tomorrow. As a result, it is critical for managers to conduct an evaluation of a strategy’s performance after it has been implemented.

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In order to properly evaluate a strategy, it is necessary to look at both internal and external elements that affect its execution, measure its success, and take corrective actions to improve it. To put it another way, a company may discover that it needs to implement a new customer relationship management (CRM) software package after executing a customer service strategy.

At the top, the middle, and the ground level, the strategic planning process is divided into three phases. Consequently, it is essential to develop communication and interaction across all levels of employees and management, so that the organisation may perform more effectively as a team.

Why Strategic Planning Is a Good Idea

Because of the turbulence in the business climate, many companies have opted for reactive rather than proactive initiatives. Despite the fact that they may necessitate substantial expenditures of both money and effort, reactive methods are usually only viable in the near term.

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Strategic planning aids companies in anticipating and addressing problems from a long-term perspective. To put it another way, they allow a corporation to be proactive rather than reactive.

The Following Are Some of the Most Important Advantages of Strategic Planning

Using a logical and systematic approach, it aids in the development of superior plans.

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This is frequently the most significant advantage. Regardless of whether or not a particular strategy is a success, research suggests that the strategic planning process itself can significantly improve a company’s overall performance.

Strategic Planning Is a Process in Which Three Steps Are Taken

The development and implementation of strategic planning are usually thought of as taking place in three important steps:

  • Strategy Making…. Strategy Implementation.
  • Strategy review.
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 Improved Employer-employee Communication

Strategic planning’s success hinges on effective communication. It begins with management and employees showing their commitment to accomplishing the company’s goals through engagement and communication.

strategic planning

Managers and staff can express their dedication to the organization’s aims through strategic planning. This is due to the fact that they are aware of the company’s activities and the motivations that drive them. Employees are better able to connect their performance to the company’s success and their compensation when the aims and objectives of the business are made tangible through strategic planning. Because of this, the company’s workers and managers are encouraged to be more imaginative and creative, which helps the business expand.

Gives Employees in the Company a Sense of Agency

Increasing the level of interaction and communication between employees at every stage of the process enhances their perception of their own contribution to the success of the firm as a whole.

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The strategic planning process should be decentralised, with participation from all levels of the company, including the lowest-level managers and employees. For example, Walt Disney Co. disbanded its own strategic planning department in favour of distributing the planning tasks to the various Disney business units.


Small firms must conduct strategic planning as a vital part of their operations. Small firms use strategic plans to determine where they came from, where they are now, and where they expect to be in the future.

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