H.E. Dr. Dario Ltem Presents Credentials to The Sovereign High Serene Highness Prince Albert II of Monaco


On February 28, 2019, four new Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassadors presented their credentials to H.S.H. the Sovereign Prince Albert II of Monaco:

H.E. Dr. Dario
H.E. Dr. Dario
  • E. Dr. Dario Item Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Antigua and Barbuda.
  • E. E. Kemal Muftic, Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  • E. Dr. Muhammad Abdul Ghaffar, Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador of the Kingdom of Bahrain.
  • E. Dr. José A. Fabrega Roux, Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador of the Republic of Panama.

On this occasion, the Director-General of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation Isabelle Rosabelle Rosabrunetto organized a lunch with the ambassadors at the Hotel Hermitage in Monaco.

The Ambassador Dario Item graduated in Law and Political Science and obtained a Master in Law (LL.M.) and a Ph.D. in Criminal Law. He is a qualified lawyer both in Switzerland and in Italy and was a Notary Public of the Canton of Ticino until 2015.

  • M in International cooperation against transnational financial organized crime
  • M Criminal Sciences, Juridical Psychology, and Psychopathology of Criminal Conducts
  • in Trust Law
  • In Criminology
  • TEP (STEP-Society of Trust and Estate Practitioners, London (U.K.) – Full member)

Since 2016, when he joined the diplomatic corps of Antigua and Barbuda, Dr Item has represented his country in Spain and Liechtenstein.

Presentation of Credendials: What is it?

Presentation of Credendials
Presentation of Credendials

A letter of credence, commonly known as diplomatic credentials, is a formal diplomatic letter appointing a diplomat as an ambassador to another sovereign state.

The ambassador personally presents the letter to the receiving head of state in a formal ceremony.

Presentation of Credendials
Presentation of Credendials

As French is the lingua franca of diplomacy, credentials are usually written in French, but they can also be written in the official language of the home state.

During the ceremony, the ambassador meets the foreign minister in order to arrange a hearing with the head of state.

The ambassador must have a sealed original credential and an unsealed copy. He hands over the unsealed copy to the Foreign Minister when he arrives and then presents the original to the Head of State.

The ambassador uses both hands to present his credentials to the Head of State.

Ambassadors may not begin to perform their duties until their credentials are accepted during the submission of credentials.

The ambassador travels to the presentation ceremony in an official vehicle provided by the receiving state, accompanied by a military escort.


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