Nipah Virus: Outbreaks in Karnataka, Symptoms & precautions

Nipah virus

Two people in Karnataka are suspected to be infected by the deadly Nipah Virus. The victims are under treatment in Karnataka.

A health official asserts that “A rare virus has killed around 11 people in the neighboring state Kerala, where the medical screws are struggling to manage the spread of this brain-damaging virus. Also, the crew is trying to minimalize the panic.”

Nipah virus

According Rajesh BV, a health official in Karnataka on Wednesday. Symptoms of this virus have been detected in a 20-year-old woman and in a 75-year-old man in the city of Mangalore after they traveled to adjacent state, Kerala and had a contact with infected patients. Although “They are not confirmed Nipah Cases yet, so there is no need to panic”, he added via telephone. “The situation is under control”.

The patients are under treatment and their blood samples have been sent for screening, with the result expected by Thursday, he added.

What is Nipah Virus?

Nipah is a rare virus spread through fruit bats, which can cause flu-like symptoms and brain damage.

Nipa Virus aka NiV was first identified in Malaysia in 1988. In India, it was first reported in 2001 and again six years later, with the two earlier outbreak claiming 50 lives.

Nipa Virus (NiV) infection is a newly emerging zoonosis that causes severe diseases in both animals and humans. The natural host of the virus is fruit bats of the Pteropodidae family, Pteropus genus.


Symptoms Nipah Virus infection includes:

  • Brain Swelling
  • Breathing Problem
  • Headache
  • Fever
  • Drowsiness
  • Disorientation

An infected patient can fall into a coma within 48 hours. It travels through direct contact with a patient.

However, there is no vaccine for this virus yet, says the World Health Organization.

The major treatment for infected is “Intensive Supportive Care”, according to UN health body.

The WHO has named Nipah as one of the eight priority diseases that could cause a global epidemic, alongside the likes of Ebola and Zika.

Health officials are investigating the outbreak in Kerala, where the first death was witnessed last week, have traced it to a well overspread with bats from which the victim drew water.

Kerala is on high alert over the infection and two control rooms have been opened in Kozhikode. A central team has been sent to the district to help the state administration.

Health official have asked citizen of these states to take all the important precautions to stay safe.

  • Districts of Kannur, Kozhikode, Malappuram, and Wayanad are identified as unsafe.
  • Avoid travelling to Kerala or Karnataka at this time.
  • If you feel any of the symptoms rush to the hospital immediately
  • Stay away from heat and keep your liquid intake in check.
  • Don’t try and cure any symptoms through home remedy.
  • Instead of creating panic create awareness
  • Keep your surroundings and home clean and motivate other also.

 Kerala Health Minister has stated that “All steps to prevent the spread of the virus have been taken, “she added, urging people not to destroy colonies of fruit bats.

A tourist who is traveling to popular tourist destination in Kerala are declared safe by Rajeev Sadanandan, a state health official, he stated that the outbreak “remains highly localized”, with all cases linked to one family.

Among the dead in the Kerala outbreak was nursing assistant and mother-of-two Named, Lini puthussery who had helped to treat one of the original family suffering from Nipah earlier this monthPuthussery died on Monday and was cremated before her family members could bid her a final Goodbye, because of fears the virus could spread.

There are still 17 patients under treatment.


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